Day 02 - Fasting (Sawm)
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In the early days of Hijrah (Emigration) to Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Rasûlullâh Sallâllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ordained believers to fast three days a month and on the Day of Ashura. About one and a half years after the Hijrah, towards the end of Sha’bân, fasting in Ramadhân was prescribed.
Surah al-Baqarah Ayah 185 translates: “So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allâh intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship…”
Hakim Al-Tirmidhi (Rahmatullâhi Alayhi) interpreted the word ‘Al-Yusr’ (ease) in the following way: “Yusr is the name of Jannah for every ease is in Jannah. Usr is the name of Jahannam for every hardship is there. Therefore, Allâh Ta‘âlâ wants you to enter Jannah owing to your Fast. He doesn’t want you to enter Fire.”
It is said in a Hadith Al-Sharif: “For a fasting person, there are two times of joy. One is when he breaks his fast and the other is when he meets his Rabb (for getting high degrees).”
The word ‘Al-Saihun’ (literally a traveller) mentioned in Surah Tawbah, Ayah 112 is explained as ‘those who fast’. Indeed, the Hadith al-Sharif mentions The journey of my ummah is fasting.’. Fast resembles travelling in two aspects: Firstly, a traveller is usually deprived of his bodily needs like eating, drinking and is obliged to endure certain hardships. Fast resembles travelling as it prevents one’s nafs from food, drink and otherworldly desires.
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