Ashara Mubashara (The Blessed Companions)
The Islamic prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.), specified ten of his companions who were promised paradise. The companions named in this hadith are referred to as "The Ten With Glad Tidings of Paradise". The hadith is collected in two of the six books of the Kutub al-Sittah: the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi and the Sunan Abu Dawood.
The version of the hadith collected in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi goes as follows:
“Abu Bakr will be in Paradise, ‘Omar will be in Paradise, ‘Usmaan will be in Paradise, ‘Ali will be in Paradise, Talhah will be in Paradise, al-Zubayr will be in Paradise, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf will be in Paradise, Sa’d will be in Paradise, Sa’eed will be in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah will be in Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi)
- Hazrat Abu Bakr ibn Abu Quhafa
- Hazrat Omar ibn Khattab
- Hazrat Uthman ibn Affan
- Hazrat Ali ibn Abu Talib
- Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaydillah
- Hazrat Zubayr ibn al-Awwaam
- Hazrat AbdurRahman ibn 'Awf
- Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas
- Hazrat Sa'id ibn Zayd
- Hazrat Abu 'Ubayda, 'Aamir ibn 'Abdillah ibn al-Jarrah
Our Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself presented these ten individuals with glad tidings of Jannah, during his lifetime. He is known to have stated these ten names in a hadith pertaining to those companions for whom Paradise has been pre-ordained by Allah (SWT) on account of their services to Islam.
Some common traits of the Ashara Mubashara:
- All became Muslim in the early years of Islam.
- They made great service to the Prophet and the Islamic cause.
- They migrated.
- They swore allegiance to the Prophet at Hudaybiya.
- There are many narrations in hadith sources regarding their virtues.
- Sources of sound hadiths with narrations on these Companions.
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Taqwâ is to fear Allâh Ta‘âlâ, abstain from sins and the things that may lead to humiliation, and to restrain the Nafs (lower self) from unlawful acts. A person with Taqwâ trying to fulfil his religious duties is called Muttaqî. A person asked Hadrat Abû Hurayrah (radiyallâhu anhu): “What is Taqwâ?” He said: “Have you ever walked on a thorny path?” The man said: “Yes, I have.” Abû Hurayrah (radiyallâhu anhu) asked: “How did you walk there?” The man replied: “By abstaining from being pricked by them.” Abû Hurayrah (radiyallâhu anhu) said: “Then, abstain from sins just like you did from the thorns, that is Taqwâ.”
Good character is the sign of Îmân and adornment of Islam. Muslims should rid themselves of evil habits and adorn themselves with good manners. Bad character misleads a person to sin, whereas good character leads to salvation and prosperity in Dunyâ and the Âkhirah. People who follow the straight path drawn by our religion cannot act immorally because our religion prohibits every one of the misdeeds and offences that violate peace and prosperity. There are even certain penalties to be executed in this world and in the Hereafter about those who violate these religious prohibitions.
The love among the fellow brothers in religion (Islam) increases with their sincerity, honesty, and loyalty. Sincerity among them leads to Wafâ, which is the constancy in friendship and the highest level of love and sincerity. The Prophet of Allâh (sallallâhu alayhi wa sallam) established brotherhood among his Sahâbah (companions) through which sincerity and love increased and their support to each other strengthened. In this regard, Nabî (sallallâhu alayhi wa sallam) said: “I advise you to take sincere and pure fellow brothers, for they are (like) ornament to you at times of ease, and security at times of calamities.”